Definition of Linux – its environment and what is appropriate for


The feedom offered by GNU / Linux, it has opened the way for others to develop it successfully in the establishment of a multi-party system, so it works on a wide spectrum of platforms from the giant servers to home computers and mobile devices, and developed user interfaces working to support all languages ​​of the world Because it is free (open source) and easy to develop and make it available to everyone, the speed of its development is professional and the number of users is increasing on the level of personal devices and servers.

Linux registered its system as Linux, and the General Public Licensee (GPL), which allows the use of the system and distribute and copy it for free and modify it freely. The GPL software license requires that the source code for this software be provided free of charge as well. This is why Linux is fully available as a source code written in C / C ++, which allows the system to be modified to suit different needs and uses. Because of Linux’s open source policy, tens of thousands of programmers have taken care of this system and have helped it develop and improve it to what it is today.

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Linux is essentially a network management system such as the UNIX system and because the system developers were basically in a network and later on the Internet, the Linux system is basically built for networking like the Internet. The developers have provided many advantages to the networks, including security and protection.

One of the most important features of Linux is that it works on a large number of types of devices and processors. It works on Intel x86 and I64 processors, Sun’s SPARC processors, DEC Alpha, Motorola, PowerPC, RISC, SGI, StrongARM, MIPS and others. This wide variety of device types covers the possibility of connecting and harmonizing all these different types of work on a single network.

Linux is open to other operating systems. For example, you can access files from Windows, NT, Win2000, Solaris, OS / 2, Mac, HP-UNIX or any other UNIX system. This gives Linux the ability to have an intermediate system among several operating systems in a network.

Linux can run programs written for UNIX or GNU because it originally works in the same way. Programs like WINE allow Windows programs and games to run in a Linux environment. There are also simulators for running DOS programs. There are also virtual machine programs that are a virtual device inside Linux to run any other system such as Windows fully.

As for the use of Linux in personal computers at home or office, Flinks provides wide support for hardware and peripherals from sound cards to video display cards, 3-D support cards, FM cards, PCMCIA and USB ports to connect various scanner and printer devices And other miscellaneous additions.

Multi-user features can greatly benefit your PC. Multiple users provide protection to the system from intentional and unintended malicious user actions. With multiple users, the permissions and files allowed to see the user, the files allowed to read, the files allowed to play and the files allowed to write (canceled). For example, in my home machine running Linux, my little brother was given a username and a password to access the system. Use of the device is limited to games and some applications and programs such as MP3 player, word processor and others. Whatever happens with my little brother and no matter what he tries, the system can not be affected, because he and the programs he is running have the powers you have set as the administrator of the system. The most that my brother can destroy is the files that belong to him, such as the text files he is and other files that belong to him as a user.

Linux provides complete freedom to select and define interface features. The interface is separate from the system, so you can choose the interface you want. There are currently two leading platforms for the production of Linux interfaces and applications, both GNOME and KDE. Both interfaces provide high user convenience and high customization capabilities, and are also free. The only thing that determines which interface you want is your choice.

With the increasing number of Linux users in the world, major software companies have become increasingly interested in this new system and have begun to provide their famous Linux software. IBM has provided a large number of software, from its famous program Via Voice to its other programming and development programs. Corel has released Corel Linux, one of Linux’s most popular versions, and has released Corel Draw 8 and Word Perfect to work in the Linux environment. Sun provided development files in JAVA in Linux and also followed Star Office as a leading Office Suits. There are also many popular games like Quake 3, Civilization, Tycoon and many more.

Linux distribution:

  • Debian
  • RHEL
  • Ubuntu
  • Fedora
  • linux mint
  • Slackware
  • opensuse
  • Mandriva
  • arch
  • Linspire
  • Knoppix
  • Gentoo
  • pclinuxos
  • gOS